Uruguay

Brief Description:

Uruguay is situated in South America. The capital city of the country is Montevideo. The total area of land is 176200 square kilometers. The total population of the country is 3400000.The official language is Spanish. The literacy rate is 98%.

Area: 

173,620 km2 (67,035 sq mi) and a water area of 2,600 km2 (1,004 sq mi). Continue reading “Uruguay”

Panama

Brief Description:

Panama is a North American country. Its total area of land is 75,517 square km. Total population of the country is 35,00,000. The rate of literacy is 93%. It gained independence in 182%.It got the membership of UN in 1945.

Area:

Its total area is 75,517  square kilometer.Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Continue reading “Panama”

Canada

Brief Description:

Canada is the second largest country in the world, by surface area. It is  about 9,970,610 square kilometers and its population is more than  34,000000. The name Canada came from the word “Kanata” which means  village or settlement. Maple leaf is the national emblem of Canada .

Area:

Canada is the second largest country in this planet. Its total area is 9,984,670 square kilometers. Situated in northern North America (constituting 41% of the continent’s area), Canada spans a vast, diverse territory between the North Pacific Ocean to the west and Continue reading “Canada”

Finland

Brief Description:

Finland is the Scandinavian Country under the continent of Europe. The area of Finland is 338,424 square kilometer. The population of the Finland is about 5 million. The official language is Finish and Swedish. Mostly people of Finland talk in Finish language. Finland is divided between two parts Northern Finland and Russia (another part). Finland is the richer country with 36,395 dollar GDP per capita.

Area:

Finland is located between Sweden and Russia, Finland also borders the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland. Finland’s area, at 337,030 square kilometers (130,127 square miles), is slightly smaller than the state of Montana. Finland shares a long border of Continue reading “Finland”

Switzerland

Brief Description

Switzerland is the European country. Officially is called Swiss Confederation.the total population is 8 million. Officially Switzerland uses 4 languages that are German, French, Italian and Romansh. The government system of Switzerland is directorial federal parliamentary republic with elements of direct democracy. The Per Capita GDP is 45,417 dollar.

Area:

The total area of Switzerland is 41,285 square kilometer.Switzerland is a small, landlocked country in the heart of Europe. The country is situated in Western and Central Europe,where it is bordered by ,France to the west, Italy to the south, Germany to the north, and  Austria and Liectenstein to the east. Continue reading “Switzerland”

Poland

Brief Description:

Poland is a developed country. Its area is 312685 square kilometers. The total population of the land is about 38000000. The national language is polish. The government name of the country is Republic of Poland. It’s capital city is Warsaw. Zero population growth rate is reigning here.

Area:

Total area is 312,679 square kilometer. It is bordered by the the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south;Germany to the west;  Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) and Lithuania to the north. Continue reading “Poland”

Fiji

Brief Description:

Fiji is situated in Australian continent. It’s total population is 18270 square km. It gained freedom in 1970.The official language of the country is Fijian, English. The currency is Dollar. The literacy rate of the country is 91% .The total population of the country is 900000.

Area:

Its total area 18,274 square kilometers. Continue reading “Fiji”

Solomon Island

Brief Description:

Solomon Islands is an Australian country.Its total area of land is 28450 square km. The total population of the country is 500000.The official language is English.The currency is Solomon Dollar.The literacy rate of the country is 76.6%.It gained independence in 1978.

Area:

Its total area 28,400 Square kilometers.

Government System:

Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy. Continue reading “Solomon Island”

Egypt

Brief Description:

Egypt is situated in African continent. The capital city is Cairo. The official language of the country is Arabic. The name of legislatyre is parliament. The area of the country is 1002450 square kilometers . The total population is about 84550000.

Area:

Its total area is 1002,450 square kilometers.

Government System:

Unitary semi- presidential Constitutional Republic. Continue reading “Egypt”

History of South Africa

Brief Description:

South Africa is located at the Southern tip of Africa, is officially known as The Republic of South Africa. It`s neighboring countries are Namibia , Botswana and Zimbabwe  in the north, Mozambique and Swaziland in the east . Lesotho is surrounded by South African territory. It is the 25th largest country of the world by land area . With a population of about 53 million it is the 24th largest country of the world by population.

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History Of South Africa:
In 1924, the first hominine fossil was discovered in South Africa. Later on, more hominins have been recovered from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo, Cornelia and Florisbad in Free State. These sites were the oldest archaeological sites where various species were existed from about three million years ago. Modern human, homo sapiens have inhabited in South Africa for at least 170,000 years.
Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese explorer was the first European who led a voyage to the land of southern Africa and landed on 4 December, 1487 at Walsisch Bat ( Now In Namibia).  Jan Van Riebeeck, a Dutch explorer established a refreshment station at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, which is now the Cape Town.
With the discovery of diamond (1867) and gold (1884), tension intensified among Boers ( Dutch, Flemish,German, French settlers) and the British as they were competing to take control of those valuable mineral wealth. As a result, the First Boer War started and the British was defeated. The Second Boer War started in 1899 and ended in 1902 with the victory of the British empire. During this period South African economy was growing repeatedly which attracted more immigrant from Britain and other European countries.
On 31 May,1910 the British Parliament passed the ` South African Act 1909` and The Union of South Africa was formed. In 1931 South African independence were granted from the United Kingdom.
South Africa became a Republic in 1961 (May 31) as Black African voted widely to pass a referendum, despites majority of White African opposed it. In 1974,

 ”The Mahlabatine Declaration of Faith” was signed to ensure the peaceful transition of power and equality. In 1993 F.W. de Klerk negotiated with Nelson Mandela for a transition of power. In 1994, the historical election was held and The African National Congress (ANC) won with a vast majority.