Ladakh: The Roof of the Wood

WorldhistopediaFamous by various names [the lunar landscape,the last Shangrila,the Little Tibbet] ,Ladakh lies beyond the Kasmir Valley, in the inhospitable remote and arid terrain of karakoram Mountains .Ladakh occupies the 70% of the tatal area of the state of Jammu and Kashmir .For centuries it remained closed to the outside world .It was in mid 70’s that it was made accessible to tourists,and only since 1979 it has been on the air map of India : This stark,sun backed barren wind –swept,forbodding, rugged yet exciting land is the abode of lamsaries ,yaks,hoary palaces perched on pinnacles, and time –defying Buddist art and culture.Its isolation coupled with elevation mark it an unusal place,a lend for those who love real temperature and very low rainfall and inhospitable environs,it is a fascinating place indeed for those who have a taste for unspoilted virgin nature.

The ancient capital city Leh at an attitude of 3,500 metres,lies off the banks of the River Indus (Sindh) and at the trijunction of famous Chinese Sikh Route from Sinhiang to West Asia and the Indian plains.Leh is connected with Srinagar by a road mostly open from May through November.The highway passes through panoramic landscapes and beautiful tiny villages and high passes along the river Sindh. There is a regular bus service between Srinagar and Leh.Indian Airlines operates flight from Delhi via Chandigrh to Srinagar. The flight from Srinagar-Leh is both short and breath taking as the plane passes over spectacular Himalayan mountains and valleys.The journey even by road is more than a good value for all the trouble involved,but it is not a destination for all and sundry.

Enroute Leh one comes across Kargil (famous for Zanskar Valley,Mublekh ,famous for 24 feet high carved out statue of Maitreya or future Buddha),Lamaru (famous for the oldest monastery dating beack to the tenth century),Alchi, Lekir & Bagso (famous for various shrines dedicated to the Buddhism) and Spitok Monastery (famous for Kali statue whose face is unveiled only once every year around puja days).

Leh has a few places of tourist interest mostly dedicated to Buddhism.They are the Khar Palace,Leh Gompa (Gompa is the local term for monastery ),Shankar Gompa,Shey Palace & Gompa and Zanskar (mainly attractive for trekkers with an adventurous spirit). There are typically Ladakhian buildings for stay where one can stay after paying reasonable rent .Both private and government agencies run these staying places and rest houses.

Dharuka Monsa Bari at Shariatpur

32262_100436186668811_671059_n-300x225The shadar upazilla of present shariatpur is palong . Dhanuka village is situated in the North side of the shadar upazilla .This area was included in Bikrampur Pargana.Like the story of Dhanuka village,that is spreaded in the proverb,the importance of archaeology of this village has also been said in different time.An important archaeological place of middle age is found here which displays its history.That is known as,especially,Moiyurbhathaya cottage or Monsa cottage. Except archaeological sign,Moinyurbhattaya cottage and Monsa cottage has have also two legends.

Monsa cottage is situated in about kilometere North side from the shariatpur Deputy commissioner office . There are five buildings in this sottage.Though most of the buildings are almost destroyed and decayed,some of them still stand with pride and pride,inspite of their old age . according to the local sayings and building beauty ,archaeologist assumed that the buildings were used as Monsa temple,kali temple,Nahabat khana and living room or educational institution.It canbe assumed from the building techniques and building work of the buildings that.They were built during Moghul or Sultanat empire.There are found shadoues of trees,songs of birds. There is a crystal clear pond in the very entrance of the Monsa cottage. On the there sides of big yard of the main cottage there architectures are situated with their own quality.There is a two shade like bungalow,facing East,in the middle of west side of the yard .once it was used as Monsa temple .There is a larger building facing South in the North side.This two shade building is a bitdifferent design,faced to Durga temple . It was a Nahabat khana and its roof is destroyed and its most of the 1st floor and a part of the ground floor have been destroyed.There is a multi room two storeyed building long ,from North to south,in the south side of the temple house.The almost destroyed part of structure of south-west is still found .

This area of Monsa cottage is place of education as idenlified legend:

The architectural sign of Monsa cottage causes curiosity in researchers mind .This curissity will increase hearing the two legends which developed depending on Monsa cottage . At first Monsa cottage was known as Moiyurbhatlaya cottage.According to the legend,the family of Vattayacharya came from knonwz of India and started to live in Dhanuka.Moiyurbhattaya was predecess or of them .When he was embryo ,his parents ,once,started for kashi .on the way to kashi ,his mother bears him in a jungle .since his mother was devoted to religion ,she started for kashi,again,covering him with shalpata(local language).After the prayer in Kashi,god came to Vattaclearya family. The god informed them that their prayer was not granted to him. Because of leaving their just born child in the jungle without any safety . At last reslizing their fault they returned to the jungle and saw that a peacock covered the child with its wings .Since the child was sheltered by a peacock and regained its mother ,it was named Moiyurbhattaya. Later ,the house of Moiyurbhatta was named Moiyurbhatta house. That was the legend of Moiyurbhatta cottage .

The legend of Monsa cottage:

A teen boy of Moiyurbhattaya house was used to collecting flower from the garden.In a morning he saw a snake in the garden during collecting flower .Fearing for the snake he returned home without flower.Next day he again saw the snake during collecting flower.The snake came home following the boy and started to dance started rounding him. The people of the house started noticing with amazement and fear .At night goddess Monsa came to their dream and ordered them to worship her.After that there was established Monsa temple and thus Monsa cottage was named.

TajMahal: Glorious Heritage Site in the World

তাজমহলMumtaj Mahal was the favourite queen of Emperor Shah Jehan but unfortunately,she died in 1630 at Burhanpur in childbirth.The Emperor was grief-stricken for many months and then in an attempt to make his wife’s name last for ever ,he ordered construction of this grand memorial.when the ‘Taj-Bibi-ka Rauza’ was completed,the dead body of Mumtaj Mahal was brought from Burhanpur and laid in the vault where now it rests.

The best architects and craftsmen from India,Persia,Central Asia,Arabia and Italy were engaged to build this magnificent monument of love which marked the consummation of the Mughal architecture.As many as 20 thousand workmen were employed to construct it and it took 17 years to complete. The entire team of the master builder Ustad Isha,a Persian master designer and architect . it is said that Shah Jehan wanted to erect a mausoleum of black marble opposite to the Taj Mahal on the other bonk of the river Yamuna, and then to connect by a causeway, but that was not to be.He was soon deposed and imprisoned by Aurangzeb.

The red sandstone gateqay to the Taj is quite imposing.An Arabic inscription in black marble taken from the Koran decorates the gate .A long water course which beautifully reflects the image of the Taj divides the path leading to the monument into two lanes. A flight to steps leads upto the platform on which stand the flame of eternal love depicted in marble.Its four minarets stands like the faithful guards.The central chamber contains the tombs of Mumtaj Mahal and her Lord Shah jehan,with inscriptions from Holy Koran.The actual tombs containing the remains of this royal couple are just below in the vault.This vault is normally opened only once in a year,on the anniversary day of the building of this grand edifice.The central chamber is surrounded by eight smaller ones.The light in the chamber is admitted through finely latticed marble screens.The echo in the central chamber under the huge soaring central dome is really a marble. A sound softly produced is echoed in an endless harmony .The superb inlay work of the Taj involving such precious and semiprecious stones as jade, jesper, crystal, turquoise, lapis lazuli, sapphire,coral,onyx and amethyst,glows in the light filtered through the finely cut marble screens.The fantastic and fascinating beauty of the Taj defies description.

The Taj is open to visitors from sunrise to 10 p.m. and entry fee is Rs 2. Every full moon night and four nights preceeding and following it, the taj remains open till midnaight.Children below 15 are admitted free.Friday is a free-admission day for all.