Tchogha Zanbil corresponds with the ancient city of Dur Untash. It dominates the course of the Abe-e-Diz which is a tributary of the Karun. The ruins of the kingdom of Elam are found at Tecogha Zanbil. It is surrounded by three huge concentric walls.
Situation: tchogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. It is about 42 km in south-south west of Dezfonl and 30 km in west and 80 km in north of Ahvaz.
it was funded in 1250 BC.Even it was not finished after it had been invaded by Ashurbanipal. It has been shown that thousands of unwed brick left at the site. It was founded as a religion Capital. Roman Ghirshman carried out the complete exploration of the site from 1951 to 1962.
The site contains of all the ziggurats of mesoptamia. They are the best preserved and the largest ziggurats. The first exclosure contains the temenos. The temple located at the centre was a square building. It was dedicated to Sumerian god Inshushinak. This temple was converted into a ziggurat of which it constitutes the first story.The solid masses of the four other storys are in the other XX. It starts from the group of the court so as to cover all the surface of the old central court.
There was a valled staircases for entering into the ziggurats.There were also three external staircases. Now the ziggurat is below the 25m high. The last two stages rose to a height of 60 m. The ziggurat is also sacred to the god of Ar shan, Napirisha.
On the north western side of the ziggurat a group of temples were dedicated to the minor divinities, Ishnikarab and Kiririsha. An oval wall surrounded the temples and the ziggurat. A whole serions of heads, statuettes, animals and amulets were found and the remanins of two panels in ivory mosaic. Several vaulted tombs were discovered in the basement of the royal residence. With evidence of cremation.
Untash-Napirisha made a channel of about fo km long to supply the water for the people.
Choga Zambil means basket monnel and chogha in Bakhtiari means hill. It’s orginal name was Dur Untash , means town of Untash.In 1979, chogha zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO.