Bhutan

Brief History:

Bhutan, officially the kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country in south Asia located at the eastern end of the Himalayas comprising a land area of 47,000km. Thimpu is the nation’s capital. It has a population of 7 million. The language of Bhutan is Dojanklaa and the currency name is Gultram. The state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism.17th sept is the country’s national Day.The government system of the country is constitutional monarchy.

Government System:

Bhutan’s government system is Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.It’s political system has recently chanced from an absolute monarchy to  constitutional monarchy.Theking of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and prime minister is Tshering Tobgay.

Area:

Bhutan is a landlock country in South Asia and located at the eastern  end of Himalayas.It is bordered to the south,east and west by India and north by China.It’s total area is 38,394 squqre kilometer & it is the 135th country in the world.

Population:

According to the estimate of 2012, it’s population is 7,42,737 and density is 18/ square kilometer.It is the 196th densely populated and 165th populated country in the world.

Currency:

It’s ccurrency is Bhutanese ngultrum(BTN).

Capital:

Thimphu is the capital and largest city of Bhutan.

 Religion:

Between two-third and  three quarter Bhutanese people follow Varayana Buddhismand it is also state religion of Bhutan. About one quarter to one third are followers of Hinduism.About less than 1% Bhutanese are belonging to other religions.

GDP:

According to the estimate of 2011, the total GDP (ppp) of Bhutan is $4.287 billion and per capita is $ 6,112  and the total Nominal GDP is $1.88 billion and per capita is $2,121.

Culture:

The national dress for Bhutanese women is Kira, a ankle length dress which is clipped  at the shoulders with two identical broaches called the Koma and tied at the waist with Kera. Men wear GHO , a knee length robe, tied at the waist by a cloth belt which known as Kera.

Dance dramas aand Masked dance are common traditoinaal features at festivals. Bhutan’s music are divided into traditional and modern varities.

Brief Description:

Although archacological exploration of Bhutan has been limited, evidence of civilization in the region dates back to at least 2000 B.C.Historians have gone for as to say that in the state of Ihmon or Morul,Monpa the aboriginal peoples of Bhutan ,may have existed between 500BC and 600AD. Aboriginal Bhutanese known as Monpa, are believed to have migrated from Tibet.It is believed that the manas River Valley was used as a migration route from India to Tibet. Some of the early inhabitants of Bhutan were followers of Bon ahich is believed to be introduced in Bhutan in the 6th century AD.

The kingdom of cooch Behar in what is now west Bengal, influenced Bhutan from the early days. The rulers of cooch Behar established themselves in Bhutan but their influence faded in the 7th century AD as the influence of Tibet grew along with the introduction of Buddhism.

Buddhism was introduced in 747 AD with the arrival of Guru padsambhava also known as Guru Rinpoche in paro Valley at Taktsang Lhakhang also known as Tiger’s Nest.Guru Rinpoche is not only recognized as the founder of the Nyingmapa religious school but also considered to be second Buddha.In the ensuing centuries many great masters preached the faith resulting in full bloom of Buddhism by the middle ages.Although sectarian at first the country was eventually unified under Drupka kagyupa sect of Mahayana Buddhism by saint /administrator shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1616.

Ngawang Namgyal codified a comprehensive system of laws and built a chain of Dzongs which guarded each valley during unsettled times and now serving as the relious and administrative centre of the region. After Namgyal’s death in 1652, Bhutan fell into aharchy.

During the next two centuries , civil wars intermittently broke out and the regional Governors became increasingly powerful. Bhutan was made up of feuding regions until it was unified under king ugyen Wangehuck in 1907.The British exerted some control over Bhutan’s affairs, but never colonized it. In order to reestablish Bhutan’s sovereignty and help consolidate his position, Ugyen Wangehuck developed closer relations with the British.British Bhutanese relations were exchanced in the treaty of punakha, which was signed in 1910.This treaty stated that the British Government would exercise no interference in the internal admisistration of Bhutan. It was agreed that Bhutan would be guided by the advice of the British government in regard to its external relations. Until the 1960s Bhutan was largely isolated from the rest of the world and its people carried on a tranquil, traditional way of life farming and trading which had remained infact for centuries.

When the Chinese took control of Tibet in 1959, it became obvious that a policy of isolation was not appropriate in the modern world. Bhutan strengthened its ties and contact with India in an effort to avoid Tibets fate.New roads and other connections to India began to end its isolation.In the 1960s Bhutan also undertook social modernization processes.

Bhutan joined the Universal postal Union in 1969 and became a member of the UN in 1971. It joined the Colombo Plan in 1962.This gave it access to technical assistance and training from member countries in southeast Asia.In 1985, Bhutan made its first diplomatic links with non-Asian countries. Bhutan is a member of SAARc and hosted SAARC’s sixteenth summit in April 2010.parlimentary elections Bhutan’s first national election, were held in march 2008.the election marked Bhutan’s transition from an absolute monarchy to democracy.

Bhutan is a economically developing country. Untill the 1960s, the country had no national currency, no telephones, no schools, no hospitals, no postal service and certainly no tourists. Development efforts have now produced all these plus a national assembly, airport and a national system of health care. Despite the speed of modernization, Bhutan has maintained a policy of careful, controlled growth in an effort to preserve its national identity.The government has cautiously accepted tourism, TV and the internet.

In 2006, based on a global survey, Business week rated Bhutan the happiest country in Asia and the eight happiest in the world.

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