Angola

Brief Description:

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa with a territory of 322460 km. Its capital is yamusukru. It has 21.6 million population. The official language of the country is French and the currency name is Frank. 7th August is the country’s national day.Angola under went a transition from a one party socialist state to a nominally multiparty democracy in 1992.

Government System:

After the adaption of new constitution presidential republic has been introduced and the President of Angola is both head of state and head of government.The National Assembly locally known as Assembleia Nacional has 223 members elected for four years,90 members by proportional representative  90 members in provincial districts, and 3 members to represent Angolans abroad.Jose Eduardu Dos Santos and and Manuel Vicente   is the Present President and Vice  President respectively.

Area:

Angola is situated  on the western Atlantic coast of southern Africa between Namibia and the Republic of Congo.The total land area is 1,246,700 square kilometers.
The capital of Angola is Luanda(Sao Paulo de Loanda)
Port -Railhead

Population:

As per the census 2009 total population of Angola is 18,498,000 density is 14.8 per square kilometers.Compared to its Land area it is not a densely populated country.Ethnically there are three main groups of population each speaking a Bantu Language : the Ovimbundu representing 37% of the population,the Ambundu with 25%and the Bankongo 13%.

Currency:

Kwanza (AOA)

GDP:

Total GDP estimated on 2014 is $ 139.059 billion and per capita income is $6484.There are three methods of calculating GDP:1)  The Expenditure Approach:This method of determining GDP adds up the market value of all domestic expenditures made on final goods and services in a single year, including consumption expenditures, investment expenditures, government expenditures, and net exports. Add all of the expenditures together and you determine GDP.

Brief History:

Archaeological evidence suggests that that area of current day Angola was inhabited during the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras.Eventually, at the beginning of recorded history other cultures and people also arrived.It was first settled by san hunter gatherer societies.This changed at the beginning of the sixth century AD, when the Bantu, already in possession of metal working technology, ceramics and agriculture began one of the greatest migrations in history.

When they reached they encountered the san and other groups .The establishment of the Bantu took many centuries and gave rise to various groupings that took on different ethnic characteristics.Among these were the mbunda and the Luba kingdoms.

From the 15th century, Portuguese colonists began trading and a settlement was established at Luanda during the 16th century. Later it was a major source of slaves for portugal’s New world colony of Brazil.

From the 16th to the 19th century, the Portuguese were present in some mostly coastal points interacting in diverse ways with the peoples who lived there. In the 19th century, they slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. Angola as a portugues colony encompassing the present territory was not established before the end of the 19th century and “effective occupation” as required by the Berlin conference (1884) was achieved only by the 1920s after the Mbunda resistance and abduction of their king, Mwene Mbandu 1. Lyondthzi kapova.Angola was incorporated as an overseas province of Portugal in 1951.After the Angolan war of Independence which ended with an army mutiny and leftist coup in Lisbon, Angola’s independence was achieved on November 11,1975 through the Alvor Agreement.

The MPLA (popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) . which had led the independence movement ever since .But no period of peace followed Angola’s long war for independence. UNITA ( the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) disputed the MLPA’s ascendancy and civil war broke out almost immediately.

With the soviet Union and cuba supporting the Morxist MPLA and the united states and south Africa supporting the anti-communist UNITA, te country became a cold war battleground.

With the wanning of the cold war and the withdrawal of Cuban troops in 1989, the MPLA began make the transition to a multiparty democracy.Despite shifting ideologies the war continued to suffer. The hostilities affected an estimated 4 million people about a third of the total population and there were almost 2million refugees.

On April 4,2002 rebel leaders signed a cease fire deal with the government signaling the end of 30 years of civil war.

In August 2006, a peace deal was signed with separatist rebels from the Cabinda region. That clash had been called Angola’s forgotten war.

In Angola’s first national elections in 16 years after 1992, held in sep 2008, the governing MPLA won about 82% of the vote.The opposition,the UNITA took 10% the landslide victory gave the MPLA a two thirds majority in parliament.

Angola is the second largest oil producer in sub Saharan Africa. The country has vast mineral and petroleum reserves and its economy has on average grown at a double digit pace since the 1990s, especially since the end of the civil war. In spite of this, standards of living remain low for the majority of the population and life expectancy and infant mortality rate,in Angola are among the worst in the world. Yet its people are among the continent’s poorest. The country is considered to be economically desparate, with the majority of the nation’s wealth concentrated in a disproportionately small sector of the population.

Angola is a member state of the African union, the community of Portuguese language countries, the Latin union and the southern African Development community.

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