Mogao Caves

Mogao Caves

Introduction:

Mogao Caves are famous for their statues and wall paintings and it has religions cultural and intellectual influences. The 492 cells and cave sanctuaries are existed here spanning 1,000 years of Buddhist art. The mogao caves are of unmatched historical value. It is an evidence of the evolution of Buddhist art known as the caves of the thousand Buddhas.

Situation:

Mogao caves are situated in the north west region of china.It is located at a religions and cultural crossroads on the silkrads in Gansu province.

History:

The construction of the Mogao Caves near Dunhaung is generally taken to have began sometimes in the fourth century CE. Dunhuang as established by the Han Danasty Emperor Wudi in III BCE. It is an important gateway to the west.During the Tang Dynasty Dunhuang became the main hub of commerce of the silk Road and a major religions centre. A large number of the caves were constructed at Mogao during this era.

Long Description: The Mogao caves has 492 temples about 25 kilometres southeast of the centre of Dunhuang. The caves are also known as Dunhuang caves. There are also have western thousand Duddha caves and the Yulin caves further away. The first caves were dug out in 366 CE as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. The mogao caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes and along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes are one of the three ancient Buddhist seulptural sites of china. An important document as library cave was found in 1900. It was walled up in II century.It is the largest collection found in Beijing, paris, Barlin and London. International Dunhuang project exists to coordinate and collect scholarly work on the Dunhuang manuscripts and other material. The caves are now considered as popular tourist place and open for visiting.

The main attraction of Mogao Caves:

Mogao caves are very famous for its tourists attraction.

The main attraction are:

  1. the library caves
  2. Dunhaung manuscripts
  3. architecture
  4. stucco
  5. sculpture
  6. wall paintings
  7. silk paintings
  8. calligraphy
  9. wood block
  10. embroidery
  11. literature
  12. music
  13. dance
  14. popular entertainments
  15. printed images
  16. Textiles
  17. caves

The Mogao caves were inscribed on the world Heritage list in 1987.

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