It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres (127,350 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo).
Federal constitutional monarchy.
As the estimate of 2014, the total population is 30,195,000.
The national language is Malay, which is the mother tongue of the majority Malay ethnic group. The main ethnic groups within Malaysia comprise the Malays, Chinese and Indians, with many other ethnic groups represented in smaller numbers, each with its own languages. The largest native languages spoken in East Malaysia are the Iban language and the Kadazan language.in service industries and is a compulsory subject in primary and secondary school English is widely understood . It is also the main language spoken in most private colleges and universities.
Malaysia is a multicultural society with Islam as the dominant religion, whose followers make up 61% of the population, but the constitution guarantees religious freedom for many other faiths..
Relations between different religious groups are harmonious and tolerant. Christmas, Chinese New Year and Deepavali have all been declared national holidays alongside Islamic holidays. Various groups have been set up to try and promote religious understanding among the different groups, with religious harmony seen as a priority by Malaysian politicians. However, it is illegal to convert Muslims to other religions.
The government promotes a moderate form of Islam known as Islam Hadhari. Any teaching which deviates from the official Sunni code is illegal, and no other forms of Islam are allowed. The country has both civil and Shariah courts, with all Muslims having to follow Shariah law, which is enforced by the government and police forces.
Majority Chinese population practices a mixture of beliefs, with influences from traditional religions followed in China such as Buddhism and Daoism. Hinduism is followed by the majority of Malaysian Indians. Christianity has established itself in some communities, especially in East Malaysia but it is not tied to any specific ethnic group. Other religions, such as the Baha’I Faith and Sikhism also have adherents in Malaysia.
The total GDP is $ 555.912 billion and per capita is $ 18,509.
In the 1990 general election, prime Minister Mahathir captured 127 of the 180 national assembly seats. In 1998, it was announced that the Bumiputra racial laws that favored Malay business would be relaxed to mitigate the impact of the regional economic crisis. In the same year, Mathir bin brought back to the cabinet.