laos, officially the law people’s Democratic republic,is a landlocked country in southeast Asia with a territory of 2,36,800km. Its capital is Vientien.It has a population of 6.4 million. The language is law and the currency name is Laokip. 2nd December is its national day. Laos is a communist state.
The government System of Laos is Single-party Marxist-Leninist-Dengist socialist republic.The Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP) is the only legal political party in laos. President is the head of state. And the Prime Minister is the head of the government. Choummaly Sayasone is the president of laos who is also the General Secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. Choummaly Sayasone is the head of government in Laos who is also the General Secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party.
Total area of the Loas is 236,800 square kilometer, which is the 85th position in the world. Of the total area 2 percent is converted by water. Loas is bordered by Burma and People’s Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west.
The population of the Laos is 6,695,166, which was estimated 2013. Laos’s population condition is 104th in the world. In 1995 the population was 4,574,848. The density of Laos is 26.7 square kilometer.
The total GDP(PPP) of Laos is 20.78 billion dollar which was estimated in 2013. The Per capita GDP is 3,100 dollar. The total nominal GDP of laos is 10.1 billion dollar, which was estimated in 2013. Its per nominal per capita GDP is 1,509 dollar.
A study conducted in 2009, in the ngeubhinh Mouxeu rock shelter of the Luang Namtha province provides evidence for the area being inhabited possible as for back as 56,000 BP. Archeological evidence suggests agriculturist society developed during the 4th millennium B.C Burial Jars and other kinds of sepulchers suggest a complex society in which bronze objects appeared around 1500 B.c and iron tools were know from 700 B.C.
The official history of laos is conventionally traced to the establishment of the kingdom of LanXang by Fa Ngum in 1353. In the 17th century La Xang entered a period of decline and the late 18th century siam (now Thailand) established control over much of what is now laos. The region was devided into three dependent states centered on Luang prabang in the north, Vientiane in the centre and champassak in the south. The Vientiane Lao rebelled in 1828 but were defeated and the area was incorporated into siam. Following its occupation of Vietnam, France absourbed Laos into French Indochina via treaties with siam in 1893 and 1904.During WWII, the Japanese occupied French Indochina.when japan surrendered,Lao nationalist declared laos independent, but by early 1946, French troops had reoccupied the country and conferred limited autonomy on Laos.During the first Indochina war, the Indochinese communist paty formed the pathet Lao, iresistance in 1951. Laos gained independence on 22 october 1953.Viet minh and pathet lao forces invaded central laos, resulting in civil war, By the Geneva Agreement of 1954 and an armistice of 1955, two northern provinces were given to the pathet Lao, the rest went to the royal regine.Full sovereignty was given to the kingdom by the pais agreement of Dec.29.1954 Elections were held in 1955. In 1957, the first coalition government was formed with the agreement between prince souvanna phouma, the royal prime minister and pathet Lao leader prince souphanouvong.The coalition government collapsed in 1958.
The North Vietnamese invaded Laos between 1958—1959 to create the Ho chi Min Trail. Growing North Vietnamese military presence in the country increasingly drew Laos into second Indochina war (1954-1975).As a result for a nearly a decade, eastern Laos was subjected to some of the heaviest bombing in the history of warfare, as the us sought to destroy the Ho chi Min Trial that passed through Laos and defeat the communist forces. Shortly after the paris peace Accords led to the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Vietnam, a ceasefire between the pathet Lao and the government led to a new coalition government.
The communist pathet Law seized complete power ion 1975. since then, other parties and political groups have been moribund and most of their leaders have fled the country.
The 650 years old monarchy was abolished on Dec. 2,1975, when the pathet Lao outed the coalition government and the low peoples Democratic republic was established.
The new regine was organized in accordance with soviet and North Vietnamese models. As inflation soared, price controls were introduced.Eventually around 10% of the population, including virtually all the middle class, feld as refugees, setting law development back at least a generation. The supreme peoples assembly in Aug.1991 adopted a new constitution that dropped all references to socialism but retained the one party state makingt more diplomatic overtures toward its neighbors.In 1995 the U.S announced a lifthing of its ban on aid to the nation.
By most international estimates, Loas is one of the 10 poorest countries in the world.The subsistence farmers who make up more than 80% of the population have been played with bad agricultural conditions alternately floods and droughts since 1993. In 2013, Laos ranked the 138th place on the Human development Index. Laos strategy for development is based on generating electricity from its rivers and selling the power to its neighbors.Its economy is accelerating rapidly with the demands for its metals. Laos is a multi-ethnic country with the politically and culturally domainant Law people making up approsimately 60% of the population, mostly in the lowlands. Various mon-khmer groups, the Hmong and other indigenous hill tribes, accounting for 40% of the population,live in the foothills and mountains.It is a member of the Asia-pacilic Trade Agreement (APTA), association of southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN), Law granted full membership of world trade organization (WTo) on 2nd February 2013.