Cambodia

Brief History:

Cambodia, officially the kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in southeast Asia with a territory of 181,035 km.It has a population of 14.3 million.Its capital is Nompen.The languae of Cambodia is khemer and the currency name is Rial. 14th December is its national Day. The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy.

Government System:

The government system of Cambodia is Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. King and Queen is the head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.  The name of the king of Cambodia is Norodom Sihamoni who ascended the throne on 14 October 2004. The Prime Minister of Cambodia is Hun Sen who is the 31st Prime Minister of Cambodia. Cambodia’s government has been described by Human Rights Watch’s Southeast Asian Director.

Area:

The total area of Cambodia is 181,035 square kilo meter, which is the 88th position in the world. 2.5 percent of the total area is converted by water.

Population:

The total population of Cambodia is 15,205,53(estimated in 2013),which is the 65th position in the world. In 2008(census-2008) the actual population of Cambodia was 13,388,910.The density of Cambodia is 81.8 square kilo meter.

GDP:

The total GDP (PPP) of Cambodia is 43.20 billion dollar and the per capita GDP is  2,776 us dollar. The total Nominal GDP of Cambodia is 17.25 billion dollar, which was estimated in 2013 and the per capita nominal GDP is 1,108 us dollar.

Brief Discussion:

The good, the bad and the ugly is a simple way to sum up Cambodian history. Very little is known about prehistoryic Cambodia.Evidence of cave dwellers has been found in the northwest of Cambodia.carbon dating on ceramic pots found in the area shows that they were made around 4200Bc. Examinations of bones dating back around 1500Bc, however, suggest that the people living in Cambodia at that time resembled the Cambodians today.

There were a number of powerful kingdoms present in this area before the 9th century.The largest of these nascent kingdoms was known as Funan by Chinese.During Funan period (1st century AD-550) Cambodia embraced the worship of the Hindu deities shiva and Vishmu and at the same time Buddhism. During chenla kingdom (6th century-802) it was likely that Cambodia was a collection of competing kingdoms,ruled by autocratic kings who legitinished their absoulute rule through hierarchical caste concepts borrowed from India.

In 802 AD, jayavarman II declared himself king marking the beginning of the khemer empire which flourished for over 600 years allowing successive kings to dominate much of southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth.

The Indianized kingdom built nonnumental temples including Angkor wat, now a world heritage site and facilitated the spread of first Hinduism, then Buddhism to much of southeat Asia.Afetr the fall of Angkor to Ayuthaya in the 15th century, Cambodia was then ruled as a vassal between its neighbours.The 15th to the 19th centuries were a period of continued decline and territorial loss marked as the Dark ages of Cambodia (1431-1863).

In 1863, Cambodia ecmoes a protectorate of France. French colonial rule lasts for 90 years. In 1941, camodia is occupied by Japan.The occupation ends in 1945.In 1946, Franch re-imposes its protectorate. A new constitution permits Cambodians to from political parties.communist guerrillas begin an armed campaign against the French.

Cambodia becomes an independent kingdom in 1953 under Norodom sihanouk. It becomes the kingdom of Cambodia.The Vietnam war extended into Cambodia, giving rise to the Khner Rougle, which took phnom penh in 1975 and carried out a campaign of man killings.Following an invasion by Vietnam, the khner Rouge were deposed and the peoples Repulic of Kampuchia was established.After years of isolation,the war ravaged nation was reunited under the nnarchy in 1993.In 1994,Thousands of khner Rouge guerrillas surrender in government amnesty.

Cambodia is a vaguely communist gree-market state with a relatively authoritarian coalition ruling over a superficial democracy. Cambodia faces numerous challenges and sociopolitical issues that stunt its development as a nation.

According to the 2013 corruption perception Index, Cambodia is one of the most corruption in the world and it is the 2nd most corrupt nation in Asia with North Korea being the first. According to freedom House report of 2013, Cambodia as a nation is not free.cambodia is a low income economy with it having one of the lowest annual incomes in the world ith the agricultural sector dominating the country’s economy.

Despite these challenges, Cambodia has seen rapid economic growth while rebuilding from decades of civil war. Now Cambodia has one of the best economic records in Asia, with economic growth averaging 6 percent for the last 10 years. Strong textiles, agriculture, construction, garments and tourism sectors led to foreign investments and international trade.

Oil and natural goes deposits found beneath cambodia’s territorial waters in 2005 remain mostly untapped, due in part to territorial disputes with Thailand .

The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni a monarch chosen by the Royal throue council as head of state. The 1997 coup placed power solely in the hands of prime minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian people’s party who remain in power as of 2013 for over 25 years.

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